> What Zoloft is Known For



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Why Don’t They Just Make Planes out of Black Boxes?

This is the stuff you actually need to be concerned about if you are currently taking, or considering taking, a medication. The black box 1 and other warnings are side effects that can be especially hazardous, if not fatal. These are often, but not always, what a med is most notorious for, e.g. The Lamictal Rash is a black box warning.

If a drug has a black box warning then a verbatim copy of it from its full US PI sheet will be here. We may comment on any black box warning. E.g. Translate doctorese, note just how rare the problem is, or how the warning is the result of the nexus of panic and politics. Any other warnings of note, the pregnancy category, and comments about them, will go here as well. As with Zoloft’s side effects, if you want to see them all, you’ll need to read the PI sheet. If you want to be paranoid pharmacophobic thorough, check Summary of Product Characteristics (SPCs) or other PI-equivalents we’ve found from other countries on the page of allegedly useful links. The US PI sheets have all the warnings you need to be actually concerned about, but once in awhile one will show up in some commie country on an overseas SPC before a PI sheet.

Black Box Warnings

Suicidality and Antidepressant Drugs

Antidepressants increased the risk compared to placebo of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents, and young adults in short-term studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. Anyone considering the use of Zoloft or any other antidepressant in a child, adolescent, or young adult must balance this risk with the clinical need. Short-term studies did not show an increase in the risk of suicidality with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults beyond age 24; there was a reduction in risk with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults aged 65 and older. Depression and certain other psychiatric disorders are themselves associated with increases in the risk of suicide. Patients of all ages who are started on antidepressant therapy should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, or unusual changes in behavior. Families and caregivers should be advised of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber. Zoloft is not approved for use in pediatric patients except for patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). (See Warnings: Clinical Worsening and Suicide Risk, Precautions: Information for Patients, and Precautions: Pediatric Use)

Black Box Comments

This warning had to be added to every antidepressant after a few teenagers, some of whom were probably misdiagnosed, were prescribed an SSRI other than Prozac or Lexapro for MDD.
Zoloft is the only SSRI, and one of a few, perhaps only modern antidepressant where it’s possible (albeit unlikely) to kill yourself with a month’s prescription (if you were prescribed the rather high, but not unheard of, dosage of 150–200mg a day) and no other drug. Zoloft is also the SSRI that is more likely to trigger an ugly dysphoric mania instead of a happy-happy joy-joy euphoric many. So a suicide warning isn’t such a bad idea.

Zoloft (sertraline) Other Warnings & Things to Worry About

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For all warnings, contraindications, etc., see the Zoloft (sertraline) PI sheet.



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Zoloft (sertraline) Pregnancy Category

C-Use with caution

Pregnancy Category Comments

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What Do the Pregnancy Categories Mean?

Pregnancy categories A, B, C, D, and X are used to quantify both risk and the risk-to-benefit ratio. They are relatively neutral when it comes to severity of birth defects.

The only difference between categories A and B is that the drug companies conducted human trials to get that A rating, while the B rating means there has been no reported birth defect of any kind since the drug has been on the market. With both A and B, no matter how much of either med researchers give to critters, their cute little babies are just fine. Until dissected to prove there is no problem.

Category X is fairly straight-forward. You take this drug while pregnant, possibly pregnant, or potentially pregnant, your kid will be born with three arms and a total of two fingers. There are also plenty of alternatives available. So unless you’ve tried absolutely everything else already, and you insist on damning some innocent child to the same brain cooties that you have, talk to your doctor about another med.

It’s the meds that are categories C and D are difficult. C means animals gave birth to mutants when given anywhere from sub-therapeutic to ridiculously high amounts of the medication in question, and there have been reports of human birth defects that may be to probably are2 due to taking the med. Sometimes the data from the field are so vague (e.g. all or almost all the women were taking at least one other medication), and the critters didn’t spawn Roger Cormanesque offspring on anything lower than 50 times the maximum human dosage, that it’s pushing a C+ to B-. The important thing is category C meds are first-line drugs while category D meds are often, but not always, second- or third-line drugs.

For more information, see the Federal Regulations covering PI sheets and the FDA’s Summary of Proposed Rule on Pregnancy and Lactation Labeling. They’re both remarkably clear for legal / bureaucratic documents. Doubly so considering the FDA published them.



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Drug-Drug, Drug-Supplement, Drug-Food Interactions

Most drug-whatever interactions involve elimination metabolism. With crazy meds the best known example is Lamictal and Depakote or whichever flavor of carbamazepine you’re taking. If you’re taking Depakote you need to take less Lamictal less often. With Tegretol or Equetro you need to take more Lamictal more often. That’s not always the case. Interactions can affect transformation, which is why Paxil + tamoxifen = that breast cancer isn’t going anywhere, because tamoxifen itself doesn’t do shit, your liver turns it into endoxifen (and perhaps others), which does all the dirty work. Interactions can also be potentiations, where one drug enhances the effect of another without slowing its clearance. All patient information leaflets and drug-drug interaction checkers have boilerplate potentiation interactions along the lines of, “two or more antidepressants meds can make you extra drowsy/spacey/ready to go on a tri-state multicide spree.” Alcohol potentiates the sedative effects of TCAs, while alcohol and benzodiazepines potentiate each other3. There can be interactions that are beneficial, and those rarely show up in PI sheets or drug-drug interaction checkers.

Noted Drug-Whatever Interactions

  • Grapefruit juice
  • Tegretol
  • Other SSRIs, triptins, Ultram (tramadol), or any serotonergic agent. Zoloft does have a history of serotonin syndrome.
  • Zoloft oral concentrate (liquid) and ANTABUSE don’t mix.
    • You can drink the oral concentrate with water, ginger ale, lemon/lime soda, lemonade or orange juice only.

Check for Drug-Drug-Drug Interactions

Drugs.com’s drug-drug and drug-food interaction checker

It’s always a good idea to check for drug-drug interactions yourself. Just because most people in the crazy meds business know about really important interactions (e.g. MAOIs and a lot of stuff, warfarin and everything on the planet) doesn’t mean the person who prescribed your meds told you about them, or the pharmacist has all the meds you take at their fingertips like they’re supposed to. Or they have the time to do their jobs properly when not dealing with complete idiots or playing Angry Farmers on the Faecesbooks.


Side Effects | Zoloft Index | Consumer Reviews & Comments
Return to the Zoloft Page


1 Called "black box warnings" because they appear in a box at the top of the PI sheets, written in big, bold print, and originally surrounded by a thick, black outline. Some companies still put black box warnings in a black box. There is no relationship to the black boxes in airplanes, although I haven't tried burning a number of different PI sheets to see if the black box warnings are still legible in the ashes.

2 Don't expect the drug companies to always cooperate in figuring out where on that scale their meds are.

3 Or: Alcohol + TCAs = Die like a 1960s trophy wife. Alcohol + Benzos = Die like a rock star.


If you have any questions not answered here, please see the Crazymeds Zoloft discussion board. We welcome criticisms of the articles, notifications of bad links, site problems, consumer experiences with medications, etc. I’m not always able to write back. Hence I never answer questions about meds via e-mail that are answered by this or other articles. Especially if they have been repeatedly asked on the forum. That’s why we write these damn things. Questions about which meds are best for your condition should also be asked on the forum; because this is a free site, so the price of admission is making things easier for somebody else searching for the same answer. We don’t deal with children on the forum or in private because after doing this for ten years I don’t have the emotional stamina to deal with kids who have brain cooties. How to contact Crazymeds. — Jerod Poore, CME, Publisher Crazymeds (crazymeds.us)


Last modified on Sunday, 13 July, 2014 at 22:04:49 by JerodPoorePage Author Date created
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Zoloft, and all other drug names on this page and used throughout the site, are a trademark of someone else. Zoloft’s PI Sheet will probably have the name of the manufacturer and trademark owner (they’re not always the same company) at or near the very bottom. Or ask Google who the owner is. The way pharmaceutical companies buy each other and swap products like Monopoly™ real estate, the ownership of the trademark may have changed without my noticing. It may of changed hands by the time you finished reading this article.




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Almost all of the material on this site is by Jerod Poore and is copyright © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016 Jerod Poore. Except, of course, the PI sheets - those are the property of the drug companies who developed the drugs the sheets are about - and any documents that are written by other people which may be posted to this site will remain the property of the original authors. You cannot reproduce this page or any other material on this site outside of the boundaries of fair use copying without the express permission of the copyright holder. That’s usually me, so just ask first. That means if want to print out a few pages to take to your doctor, therapist, counselor, support group, non-understanding family members or something like that - then that’s OK to just do. Go for it! Please. As long as you include this copyright notice and something along the lines of following disclaimer, I’m usually cool with it.



All rights reserved. No warranty is expressed or implied in this information. Consult one or more doctors and/or pharmacists before taking, or changing how you take any neurological and/or psychiatric medication. Your mileage may vary. What happened to us won’t necessarily happen to you. If you still have questions about a medication or condition that were not answered on any of the pages you read, please ask them on Crazy Talk: the Crazymeds Forum.
The information on Crazymeds pertains to and is intended for adults. While some information about children and adolescents is occasionally presented (e.g. US FDA approvals), pediatric-specific data such as dosages, side effects, off-label applications, etc. are rarely included in the articles on drugs or discussed on the forum. If you are looking for information regarding meds for children you’ll have to go somewhere else. Plus we are big pottymouths and talk about S-E-X a lot.
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Nobody on this site is a doctor, a therapist, or a pharmacist. We don’t portray them either here or on TV. Only doctors can diagnose and treat an illness. While it’s not as bad as it used to be, some doctors still get pissed off by patients who know too much about medications, so tread lightly when and where appropriate. Diagnosing yourself from a website is like defending yourself in court, you suddenly have a fool for a doctor. Don’t be a cyberchondriac, thinking you have every disease you see a website about, or that you’ll get every side effect from every medication1. Self-prescribing is as dangerous as buying meds from fraudulent online pharmacies that promise you medications without prescriptions.
All information on this site has been obtained from the medications’ product information / summary of product characteristic (PI/SPC) sheets and/or medication guides - which is all you get from sites like WebMD, RxList, NAMBLA NAMI, etc., the sources that are referenced throughout the site, our personal experience and the experiences family, friends, and what people have reported on various reputable sites all over teh intergoogles. As such the information presented here is not intended as a substitute for real medical advice from your real doctor, just a compliment to it. You should never, ever, replace what a real doctor tells you with something from a website on the Internet. The farthest you should ever take it is getting a second opinion from another real doctor. Educate yourself - always read the PI/SPC sheet or medication guide/patient information leaflet (PIL) that comes with your medications and never ever throw them away. OK, you can throw away duplicate copies, but keep at least one, as that’s your proof of purchase of having taken a med in case a doctor doubts your medical history. Plus they take up less space than a bottle, although keeping one inside of a pill bottle is even better.
Crazymeds is not responsible for the content of sites we provide links to. We like them, or they’re paid advertisements, or they’re something else we think you should read to help you make an informed decision about a particular med. Sometimes they’re more than one of those things. But what’s on those sites is their business, not ours.
Very little information about visitors to this site is collected or saved. From time to time I look at search terms used and which pages they bring up in an effort to make the information I present more relevant. And the country of origin, just because I’m geeky like that. That’s about it. Depending on how you feel about Schrodinger, our privacy policy should either assuage or exacerbate your paranoia.
Crazymeds is optimized for ridiculously large screens and browsers that don’t block ads. I use Firefox and Chrome, running under Windows 72. On a computer that sits on top of my desk. With a 23 inch monitor. Hey, at least you can make the text larger or smaller by clicking on the + or - buttons in the upper right hand corner. If you have Java enabled. Like 99% of the websites on the planet, Crazymeds is hosted on domain running an open source operating system with a variety of open source applications, including the software used to display what you’ve been reading. As such Crazymeds is not responsible for whatever weird shit your browser does or does not do when you read this site3.
Crazymeds now uses a secure server, but it is not so secure that you can discuss anything having to do with nuclear power facilities, air traffic control systems, aircraft navigation systems, weapons control systems, or any other system requiring failsafe operation whose failure could lead to injury, death or environmental damage. Just so you know. So if you’re mentally interesting and have a job that deals with that sort of thing, talk about said job elsewhere. Otherwise feel free to discuss your meds and brain cooties.
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‘Everything is true, nothing is permitted.’ - Jerod Poore


1 While there are plenty of books to help you with hypochondria, for some reason there’s not much in the way of websites. Then again, staying off of the Internet is a large part of curing/managing the disorder.

2 Remember kids, Microsloth operating systems are like TOS Star Trek movies with in that every other one sucks way, way more. With TOS Star Trek movies you don’t want to bother watching the odd-numbered ones. With Microsloth OS you don’t want to buy and install the even-numbered ones. Anyone who remembers ME and Vista knows what I mean.

3 Have I mentioned how open source operating systems for commercial applications is one of the dumbest ideas in the history of dumb ideas?* I don’t even need my big-ass rant any more. Heartbleed has made my case for me. And that’s just the one that got all the media attention. The very nature of an open source operating system makes security as much of an illusion as anonymity on teh Intergoogles. Before you flip out too much: the domain Crazymeds is hosted on uses a version of SSL that is not affected by the Heartbleed bug. That’s one of the many reasons why I pay a lot of money and keep this site on Lunarpages.

* Yes, I know I’m using open source browsers. I also test the site using the now-defunct IE and Safari browsers. Their popularity - and superiority - killed IE and Safari, so that’s why I rely on the open source browsers. It’s like brand vs. generic meds. Sometimes the generic is better than the brand.

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